Roof Rats

Learn about Utah Roof Rats

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Gopher Description

Roof Rats are black or brown, 7 to 10 inches long, with large ears and eyes, pointed nose, and a long tail – sometimes longer than their body. Roof Rats are smaller and more slender than Norway rats.
Roof Rat Utah


Roof rats are highly adaptable and prefer to live in high places but may live in various environments. They are excellent climbers and often inhabit trees, roofs, eaves, or attics.

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Roof Rats primarily consume grains, fruits, nuts, and vegetables, although roof rats are omnivorous and will feed on almost anything available to them. Roof rats also hoard food, hiding food supplies too large to eat in one feeding.

Life Cycle & Reproduction

Roof Rats can live up to 18 months, but most die before reaching a year old. Females can produce up to eight young per litter and can breed year-round. The young are born 21 to 23 days after mating. Young rats reach reproductive maturity and leave their mothers at about three months. The average female has four to six liters per year.


Mice and rats transmit diseases through physical contact, bites, by contamination. They damage and destroy property by chewing wires, which may cause fires. They destroy labels on cans and damage sacks and other containers. They undermine buildings, gnaw on pipes, chew water hoses, and cut through mortar and cement. They damage wood doors, floors, walls, clothing, and furniture. Mice and rats carry diseases that are health hazards to both human and domestic animals – diseases such as typhus fever, trichinosis, plague, infectious jaundice, and salmonella. Click here to learn about Rat Removal.

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